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November 13-November 16, 2018 questions
Due Date: 11/16/2018
Subject: Social Studies

Study guide questions November 13-November 16, 2018

1.      Which river was important to Egypt?

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2.      What would happen to Egypt if the Nile River did not exist?

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3.      How was the Nile River similar to the rivers of Mesopotamia?

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4.      What would happen when the Nile River would flood?

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5.      What did the Ancient Egyptians use to bring water to their crops?

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6.      Why did the Ancient Egyptians build gates?

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7.      Why did Ancient Egyptians build reservoirs?

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8.      What was the title of Ancient Egyptian’s king? __________________________________________________

 

9.      The pharaoh had divine right? What does this mean?

 

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10.   Where were the pharaohs buried?

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study guide for Ancient Egypt

Study guide for Ancient Egypt

1.      The Nile River was very important to Ancient Egypt. If it were not for the Nile River; Ancient Egypt would not exist.

2.      The Nile River would flood and leave behind fertile soil. This fertile soil was good for growing crops. The rivers of Mesopotamia would also flood and leave fertile soil.

3.      The Ancient Egyptians used irrigation to bring water to their crops. These early people invented a system of canals that they dug to irrigate their crops. They also built gates into these canals so that they could control the flow of water. They built reservoirs to hold water supplies in case of drought.

4.      Ancient Egypt was ruled by a king called a pharaoh. The pharaoh had divine right. This means the people believed the pharaoh was a living god.

5.      The pharaohs were mummified and buried in pyramids. The pyramids were enormous structures with 2 million bricks. People were honored to build the pyramids because it was for the pharaoh who they believed was a living god.

6.      Mummification took many days. The linen that wrapped the body was filled with amulets which are good luck charms. Canopic jars held the lungs, intestines, and heart of the deceased. These organs were kept because the deceased would need them in the afterlife. The brain was discarded because it was considered to be not needed in the after life. The fact that people took so much time with the mummification process show the Ancient Egyptians commitment to religion.

7.      People of Ancient Egypt believed in the afterlife. They believed that the body would live after they are dead. This is why the body of the deceased was preserved through mummification.

8.      The people of Ancient Egypt were polytheistic. This means they believed in many gods.

9.      The people of Ancient Egypt used Hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics is very similar to cuneiform. Both cuneiform and hieroglyphics used pictures instead of letters.

10.   Ancient Egyptians used a form of paper called papyrus.

11.   A stone called the Rosetta Stone was found and used to translate the hieroglyphics.

12.   The first people entered the Nile Valley in 3100 BCE. Ancient Egypt was invaded by 332 BCE. by Alexander the Great.

13.   A social structure is how a society organizes people.

14.   The Social structure of Egypt included: Pharaoh, priests and nobles, traders, artisans, scribes, farmers, and unskilled workers.

15.   On the top of the Social Structure was the pharaoh. On the bottom of the social structure was the unskilled worker.

16.   Ancient Egyptians had slaves.

17.   Women were treated as equals to men. This was different then how women were treated in Ancient Greece.

18.   Ancient Egyptians were aware that molded bread would make wounds heal faster.

19.   Both the empires of Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt had slaves.

 

 

20.   The people of Ancient Egypt would pay taxes through labor. The people could not farm when the Nile River flooded and had to wait until the Nile River receded. While the people waited for the Nile River to recede, they would work on pyramids, roads, and temples. The work on government projects was considered a type of tax on the people. People would also pay a tax in the form of grain.

21.   Ancient Egypt had many monuments, temples, and pyramids. Temple of Abu, Simbel, Luxor Temple, Sphinx, Karnak, Pyramids of Giza, Obelisk of Pharaoh.

22.   United States also has many monuments: Mount Rushmore, Washington Monument, Statue of Liberty, Vietnam Veterans memorial.

 



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